Agricultural Productivity Improves with Artificial Insemination

In order to contribute to the improvement of cattle productivity and the quality of beef, a pilot project is developed that between 2018 and 2019 aims to guarantee, through artificial insemination, the birth of at least three thousand calves at 24 months. they are apt for the slaughter with a minimum weight of 450 kilos, that would mean increases in the productivity of between 30 and 35 percent. "To participate in the program they have to be producers of medium to large size, who have at least thirty cows or Zebu heifers suitable for breeding and who are willing to assume all the recommendations and technical assistance that will be provided. For example, if you have bulls on the farm, you must separate the cows that participate in the bulls and synchronize the zeal of all the cows to inseminate them on the same day, "explains Ronald Blandón, general manager of the National Cattle Commission of Nicaragua (Conagan).

Also read: They bring stallions to improve the herd of Nicaragua In this pilot phase, 3,500 doses of semen from specialized breeds of meat will be imported from the United States, with which it is planned to guarantee the birth of at least three thousand calves. "It is expected to benefit at least seventy producers, but it will depend on the availability of the doses, the interest to participate and the willingness to remain in the program until the end to document and verify the powerful advantages that the change of mounts has. natural by artificial insemination, since it uses semen from proven bulls that have the ability to inherit their ability, in this case to produce meat, "says Blandón. You can read: Fall sales of live cattle in Nicaragua These doses will arrive in the country in the coming days and with an average investment of $ 35 per cow the producer can choose between different breeds the one that best suits their production plans, to receive the benefits -increment of productivity and improvement in the quality of meat- offered by the project.

According to Conagan, the investment is relatively low, since the Department of Agriculture of the United States (USDA for its follow in English) subsidized the import of semen. The technical assistance will also monitor the development and weight of the calves and compare them with national averages, among other things to verify the types of crosses that were better, those with fewer health problems and those that provide better weights and performance. in a hot channel in the slaughterhouse, explains Blandón.

Also milk

For Álvaro Vargas, president of the Federation of Livestock Associations of Nicaragua (Faganic), the introduction of genetic improvement through the importation of semen should not be limited to meat production, but should also be used to promote the production of farm animals. double purpose (meat and milk). "That would generate a double effect on the producer because it would have a better quality animal that should have a better price and would also make meat in surplus milk that causes the fall of the price during the rainy season or when faced with market restrictions" says Vargas.

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