Education must not stop due to emergencies or disasters


Ivette Munguía Argeñal

La Prensa Nicaragua 

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Faced with the increase in natural disasters, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) published the guide Reconstruct without Bricks, a document in which it provides States with elements for the development of educational policies in emergency contexts. "In the occurrence of disasters, education has historically been addressed in the medium and long term, instead of being activated from the first phase of response in an emergency. And education can not wait for more stable times, it must be guaranteed at all times, in all places and in all possible ways as a fundamental human right ", says the Unesco guide. In the case of Nicaragua, which is a country vulnerable to climate change, this guide is of vital importance since usually in this nation classes are interrupted when earthquakes, heavy rains and even earthquake drills occur. per month in all schools in the country.

Develop a plan B to maintain education

For the director of the Forum of Education and Human Development (FEDH), Jorge Mendoza, this Unesco guide raises the need to arrange education between the community and national authorities. In addition, it indicates to the States that they can make use of the technologies to continue educating outside the classrooms. You may be interested: 2017 school calendar will close with fewer class days than the law requires "That is, if the kids can not go to school (because there is a natural disaster), the family must then become an alternative to further develop learning processes. Maybe in a block with three or four kids who can not go to classes because the river is grown, but if the community is a safe space in a church or a communal house (used as shelters) they can continue teaching, "Mendoza said. . According to Unesco, another way to continue educating in an emergency context is to develop work guides for students to do when they can not attend school and then make an assessment of the progress made by school children. "The Nicaraguan government should not only suspend classes when emergencies warrant it, but we should already be having digital platforms, using social networks, preparing work guides for children to develop in homes. Establish rubrics of evaluation when the boys return to assess how much they have advanced in the class process, "said Mendoza.

Fewer classes than normal

Although Law 582, General Education Law establishes that the school year in Nicaragua will be 200 school days in accordance with the international agreements that the country has signed, every year in the country the school year is reduced, among other reasons, by the phenomena natural

Recently the expert in Education of the Institute of Strategic Studies and Public Policies (Ieepp), Alex Bonilla, told the press that in this school year "there was no class 44 days, which is a little more than two months, because each month has twenty days of class ". According to Mined the classes end on November 29.

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